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GILBERTON GOLD PROJECT

Key Highlights

  • Highly prospective geological terrain with potential for a diverse range of deposit styles.
  • Extensive tenement package held 100% by ActivEX Limited.
  • Historical and modern mining of gold, base metals and uranium.
  • Widespread precious and base metal anomalism.

Asset Summary

The Gilberton Gold Project consists of EPMs 18615, 18623 and 19207, which comprise a total of 143 sub-blocks and encompass an area of 464 sq. km. The Project is located in the Georgetown Province in northeast Queensland, approximately 300km west-northwest of Townsville. ActivEX Limited holds 100% interest in all the tenements. 

Exploration Potential

The Gilberton Gold Project is located in an area that is prospective for a number of metals and a wide range of deposit styles. The world-class Kidston breccia hosted Au-Ag deposit occurs in similar geological terrain approximately 50km to the northeast.

The Project offers the following prospective geological features:

  • High crustal abundance of gold evidenced by numerous hard rock and alluvial Au occurrences.
  • Locally anomalous surface concentrations of other elements, including Cu, Bi, Mo, Pb, U, W,  Zn.
  • Multiple centres of alteration associated with veining, brecciation and anomalous metals.
  • Presence of major structural features, e.g. the Gilberton Fault.
  • Permian – Carboniferous intrusions and volcanics.
  • Reactive (calcareous) lithologies in basement units.

Exploration targets include:

  • Intrusion/porphyry-related vein +/- breccia  Au +/- Ag 
    • e.g. Gilberton area: Kidston > 3Moz Au, > 1.85Moz Ag
    • e.g. Elsewhere: Fort Knox, Alaska - Pre-production reserve of 158.3Mt @ 0.83g/t Au for approx. 4Moz Au
  • Hybrid intrusion-related – IOCG – Au deposits
    • e.g. Gilberton Gold Project: hematite (+/- magnetite)-bearing breccias and veins at Ti-Tree and Comstock. Comstock production: 98,000t @ 1.6g/t Au
    • e.g. Elsewhere:  Tropezón Cu-Mo-(Au) deposit, Chile
  • Epithermal vein +/- breccia Au +/- Ag
    • e.g. Gilberton area: Agate Creek style, associated with Early Permian volcanics
  • Quartz Vein Au
    • e.g. Gilberton style high grade narrow veins (possibly offering a bulk tonnage target)
  • Sediment Hosted Au
    • e.g. Carlin Style associated with calcareous metasediments within the Bernecker Creek and Daniel Creek Formations
  • Sediment / Metasediment Hosted Pb-Zn
    • e.g. Elsewhere: Mount Isa Pb-Zn, George Fisher Pb-Zn
  • Breccia hosted Cu
    • e.g. Gilberton Gold Project: Eight Mile Cu Workings in EPM 18623
    • e.g. Elsewhere: Mount Isa Cu
  • Quartz vein hosted Au-U
    • e.g. Gilberton Area: Mount Hogan style - Mount Hogan production by Eltin Minerals: 405,000t @ 5.2g/t Au
  • Intrusion-related W-Bi-Mo and associated skarn deposits (in calcareous rocks of the Etheridge Province)
    • e.g. Gilberton Area: Eight Mile Scheelite Group (EPM 18615) with historical production of:
      • - Busy Bee Mine: 0.182t scheelite concentrate; 0.21t bismuthinite concentrate
      • - Darby Riordan Mine: 0.759t scheelite concentrate
    • e.g. Elsewhere: King Island scheelite: 17Mt of 0.85% tungstate (historical resource)

Location and Access

The Gilberton Gold Project is located in northeast Queensland, approximately 300km due west-north west from Townsville, and 450km via sealed and unsealed roads from Townsville.

The Project tenements are located in variably undulating and partially cleared cattle grazing land.  Access to many areas is good and attained via gravel roads and station tracks. Access to some areas is hindered by rivers and a lack of vehicle tracks.   

The Gilberton Gold Project is within the area covered by the Gilberton (SE5416) and Georgetown (SE5412) 1:250,000 map sheets, and the Gilberton (7659), Forsayth (7660) 1:100,000 map sheets.

                                          Figure 1. Gilberton Gold Project location

Tenure

The Gilberton Gold Project comprises three granted exploration tenements, EPMs 18615, 18623 and 19207, see Table 1.

                                Table 1. Summary of Individual Tenement Details

                                     Figure 2. Gilberton Gold Project tenements                                                        (also showing Mining Leases – these are not held by ActivEX)

Historical Exploration

Numerous companies have carried out surface exploration programs in the Gilberton Gold Project area and several occurrences have had limited (and mainly shallow) drill testing. The most recent exploration in the area was carried out by Newcrest Mining, who conducted extensive grid soil sampling, local ground geophysical surveys, and limited diamond drilling. The most advanced prospect within the tenement area is the Ti-Tree Breccia and nearby breccia-hosted prospects. Newcrest had planned to test this prospect with deep diamond drilling but the company ceased work on the tenement before this was carried out.

Results from historical drilling and surface sampling of prospects within the Gilberton Gold Project include:

  • Ti-Tree Breccia – EPM 18623, Gilberton
  • Drilling by BP/Seltrust, EZ and Kidston Gold Mines:
  • - Seltrust Hole GLB3: 2m @ 3.53g/t Au from 87m
  • - Seltrust Hole GLB5: 16m @ 0.35g/t Au from 154m
  • - EZ Hole GD-2: 20m @ 0.64g/t Au from 20m, including 6m @ 1.04g/t Au 
  • - Kidston Gold Mines Hole BKR-2: 16m @ 0.33g/t Au from 60m

  • Northern Gilberton Gold Workings – EPM 18623, Gilberton
  • Drilling by Newcrest in 2006:
  • ­- GIL002R: 2m @ 0.11g/t Au, 0.65ppm Ag from 36m
  • - GIL002R: 30m @ 0.05 to 0.22g/t Au from 328m
  • - GIL004R: 2m @ 3.45g/t Au, 10.1ppm Ag from 184m
  • Mountain Maid – EPM 18615, Mount Hogan
  • Surface sampling by Balmoral Resources gave the following results:
  • - Rock chip sampling of pegmatite at intervals along the workings returned values up to: 
  •          0.3g/t Au, 7ppm Ag, 280ppm Cu, 1,440ppm Pb, 77ppm Zn
  • - Selective sampling of mineralized or altered material returned values up to:
  •          40.6g/t Au, 248ppm Ag, 0.86% Cu, 14.8% Pb, 870ppm Zn
  • - Assay results from four samples of dump material gave values ranging from:
  •          0.08 to 16.9g/t Au, 0.5 to 9ppm Ag, 23 to 1,450ppm Cu, 75 to 442ppm Pb, 50 to 112ppm Zn

Geological setting

Regional Geology

The geology of the Gilberton Gold Project area is dominated by Proterozoic metamorphics and granites, with local mid-Palaeozoic intrusions, fault-bounded Devonian basins, and Early Permian volcanics and intrusions of the Kennedy Association. The main units occurring within the project area are:

  • Metamorphic units of the Proterozoic Etheridge group consisting mainly of:
  1. - Calcareous sandstone, siltstone, shale, limestone units of the Bernecker Creek and Daniel Creek Formations;
  2. - Basic metavolcanics, metadolerite and metagabbro of the Dead Horse Metabasalt and Cobbold Metadolerite;
  3. - Gneiss and schist of the Einasleigh Metamorphics in the north east of EPM 18615 and the southern end of EPM 18623.

  • The Proterozoic, U-anomalous, Mount Hogan granite in the south eastern portion of EPM 18615.
  • Siluro-Devonian Robin Hood Granodiorite in the north of the tenement area.
  • Late Devonian sediments of the Gilberton Formation in two fault-bounded structures in the central portion of the project area, consisting of pebbly coarse sandstone grading to coarse arkosic sandstone and polymict conglomerate.
  • A north-west trending group of Early Permian volcanics considered to be related to the Agate Creek Volcanic Group (basalt, andesite, rhyolite, agglomerate, ignimbrite, and minor interbedded siltstone and air-fall tuff), in the south west of EPM 18615.
  • Carboniferous – Permian intrusive rhyolites as small outcrops associated with the Early Permian Agate Creek Volcanics, and as a more extensive east-west trending intrusion and network of dykes in the north, around the Lower Percy gold field.
  • Mesozoic sandstones and pebble conglomerates, occurring mainly in the north west of the tenement area, and forming dissected plateaux and mesas.
  •                                       Figure 3. Gilberton Gold Project geology                                                         (including the main mineral occurrences referred to in the text)

  •                          Figure 4. Gilberton Gold Project regional airborne magnetics

  • Gilberton – EPM 18623

    Tenement Summary

    The area encompassed by EPM 18623 hosts numerous occurrences of anomalous gold, locally associated with anomalous silver and/or base metals. Several companies have conducted exploration programs within the tenement area; ActivEX exploration activities have comprised a desktop review and reconnaissance traversing and prospect assessment.

    The main prospect areas within the tenement are summarized below.  

    Ti Tree and Black Knob

    The Ti Tree (and Black Knob) rhyolite breccia complex comprises two east-west trending, 6.5km long, subparallel zones of flow-banded rhyolite and brecciated rhyolite, within brecciated and calcareous Proterozoic siltstone. 

    The rhyolite breccia is polyphasal and framework-supported, with sub-angular to angular fragments of rhyolite, Proterozoic metasediments and silicified sediments. Breccia matrix alteration consists of a quartz-adularia-specular hematite-ankerite/siderite/calcite ± muscovite assemblage. Abundant specular hematite occurs as veins and infill to the breccia. Quartz stringer and ladder veins occur peripheral to the breccia.

    The rhyolite breccia complex lies at the interpreted intersection of the Orotava and Ti-Tree lineaments, and is covered by a moderate (2 x background) IP chargeability high, and a partly coincident >l00ppb Au soil anomaly covering a 300m x 150m area. Mineralisation is considered to be related to N-S striking quartz-magnetite-pyrite veins.

    Anomalous tungsten occurs at the prospect although no scheelite was identified. One rock sample returned 264ppm W and high W values (45 – 700ppm) in soils form an anomalous halo around the Au mineralisation.

    Surface sampling by previous explorers identified:

­   - A 2.5km x 2.5km >2ppb Au anomaly that encompasses the Ti-Tree breccia area.

­   - A 150m long zone, ranging from 4m to 26m wide, of highly anomalous Au in rock chip samples.  Within this zone a higher grade area of 26 x 14m averaged 3.5ppm Au.

­   - Anomalous Ag, As, Sb, Cu and Pb locally associated with anomalous Au in rock chip samples, including samples that returned the following assay results:

  1. 0.3g/t Au, 11.8ppm Ag, 1.7% Pb, 101ppm As, 91.9ppm Sb in a banded quartz vein with fine-grained galena;
  2. 0.26g/t Au, 7% Cu, 3,600ppm As, 542ppm Sb, in a hematite-goethite gossan with malachite and azurite;

Limited drilling by BP/Seltrust, EZ and Kidston Gold Mines, within the prospect area intersected weakly to moderately anomalous Au, including:

­   - Seltrust Hole GLB3: 2m @ 3.53g/t Au from 87m

­   - Seltrust Hole GLB5: 16m @ 0.35g/t Au from 154m

­   - EZ Hole GD-2: 20m @ 0.64g/t Au from 20m, including 6m @ 1.04g/t Au

­   - Kidston Gold Mines Hole BKR-2: 16m @ 0.33g/t Au from 60m

Although previous explorers have conducted dedicated exploration programs over the Ti-Tree breccia area, the drilling programs have been shallow (<155m depth).  In 2007 Newcrest planned to test Au-anomalous rhyolite breccia at the Ti-Tree prospect with a 350m – 500m hole below the surface expression of the breccia. Newcrest relinquished the ground before this hole could be drilled.

Northern Gilberton Gold Workings

Numerous shafts and pits are located on steeply dipping narrow quartz veins over a wide area north of the Gilbert River. Newcrest drilled two holes in this area, with the best results being:

­    GIL002R: 2m @ 0.11g/t Au, 0.65ppm Ag from 36m

­    GIL002R: 30m @ 0.05 to 0.22g/t Au from 328m

­    GIL004R: 2m @ 3.45g/t Au, 10.1ppm Ag from 184m

New Intrusion

This prospect is located approximately 600m north of the Comstock breccia deposit and was identified during ActivEX prospecting. It is located in a previously unrecognised/unmapped intrusion and comprises an area of altered porphyritic felsic intrusion with nearby rhyolite dykes.

Prospective units in the prospect area include:

­   - Gossanous quartz veins in a highly ferruginous quartz-feldspar phyric intrusion with pink feldspars and greenish matrix; local hematite fragments.

­   - Ferruginous, gossanous and magnetic breccia within the area of felsic intrusion.

A rock chip sample from a sample of gossanous breccia returned:

  1.     0.55ppm Au
  2.     12.7ppm Ag
  3.     121ppm Cu
  4.     10ppm W

This is a grassroots prospect but it has several characteristics that suggests it warrants further investigation including a felsic intrusion, alteration with locally intense hematite, brecciation with magnetite, and anomalous Au, Ag and W. 

Mount hogan – EPM 18615

Tenement Summary

The area encompassed by EPM 18615 hosts numerous occurrences of anomalous gold, locally associated with anomalous silver and/or base metals. Several companies have conducted exploration programs within the tenement area; ActivEX exploration activities have comprised a desktop review and reconnaissance traversing and prospect assessment.

The main prospect areas within the tenement are summarized below.  

Lower Percy Goldfield

This is an area with several historical gold workings. The most extensive modern exploration carried out in this area was by Balmoral Resources in the 1980’s.  Exploration included geology and alteration grid mapping over the Mountain Maid and Homeward Bound area – covering approximately 3.5km x 2km. The central part is highly anomalous in Au and Ag in drainage samples.

The Mountain Maid – Homeward Bound area was interpreted to occur within an ENE trending graben structure cut by NW trending faults; rhyolite and dolerite dykes have intruded along the faults. (The Homeward Bound prospect is covered by a mining lease that is not held by ActivEX Limited.) 

Mountain Maid

Historical production from this deposit was 200oz Au from 159t.

Local geology comprises schist intruded by Digger Creek Granite (pegmatite) and cross-cut by Permo-Carboniferous rhyolite porphyry dykes.  The best developed workings follow porphyry contacts.

The material mined at Mountain Maid appears to have been sub-horizontal quartz-sulphide veins. 

Surface sampling by Balmoral Resources gave the following results:

  1. ­   - Rock chip sampling of pegmatite at intervals along the workings returned values up to: 
  2. 0.3g/t Au, 7ppm Ag, 280ppm Cu, 1,440ppm Pb, 77ppm Zn
  3. ­   - Selective sampling of mineralized or altered material returned values up to:
  4. 40.6g/t Au, 248ppm Ag, 0.86% Cu, 14.8% Pb, 870ppm Zn
  5. ­   - Assay results from four samples of dump material gave values ranging from:
  6. 0.08 to 16.9g/t Au, 0.5 to 9ppm Ag, 23 to 1,450ppm Cu, 75 to 442ppm Pb, 50 to 112ppm Zn

Newcrest (1997) concluded that bulk tonnage potential lies within small stockwork quartz veins with strong local sericite alteration, which may extend beyond the limits of previous mining and possibly under recent alluvial cover to the north.

Josephine Area

The Josephine deposit was mined by Eltin Minerals in the 1990s and produced 65,000t @ 4.1g/t Au and is currently held under mining lease applications (not ActivEX). The deposit also contained sub-economic Cu and Pb. Mineralisation is hosted in gently dipping veins in Proterozoic metasediments, with hematite and pyrite the main gangue minerals.

Deep soil sampling and drilling by Eltin and Kidston Gold Mines identified two elongate anomalies along strike to the east and west of the Josephine.  Drilling on the Eastern anomaly intersected poorly developed weak mineralisation. Drilling on the Western anomaly encountered encouraging grades at depth.

No further information is available in open file reports; it is not known if Eltin subsequently carried out further exploration on the Eastern and Western anomalies.

Mount Hogan Area

Within the Mount Hogan mine area there are several Au and U prospects in and around the Mount Hogan Granite.  While some prospects within the immediate vicinity of the Mount Hogan pit are held under mining lease, most are within the ActivEX exploration tenement.

Bullseye Mag & Mount Moran Stream Sediment Anomaly

This is an area with prospective geophysical and geochemical features that has not undergone any substantial exploration.

A bullseye magnetic anomaly is located at the north-eastern tip of the Mount Hogan Granite, just to the north of Mount Moran. Several historical stream sediment samples returned anomalous Au:

  1.     10.5ppb Au in a BCL sample;
  2.     Several sieved samples (mesh unknown) with values from 60 to 140ppb Au.

Percy river – EPM 19207

Tenement Summary

EPM 19207 covers an area of Proterozoic Bernecker Creek Formation Metasediments with minor Cobbold Metadolerite. The regional aeromagnetics suggest this area is more complex than indicated by the regional mapping, with several intersecting northwest, east-northeast and east-west linear magnetic features.

There are no known mineral occurrences, however stream sediment sampling by Kidston Gold Mines located anomalous Au in BCL stream sediment samples, with values from 26.1 to 51.8ppb Au.

Summary

The Gilberton Gold Project is located in the Georgetown Province, approximately 300km west-northwest of Townsville.

The Project consists of 3 granted EPMs that cover a total of 464 sq. km.

The Gilberton Gold Project is located in an area that is prospective for a number of metals and a wide range of deposit styles.

Exploration targets include intrusion/porphyry-related Au, Ag, W, Bi, and Mo, and possible IOCG-related mineralisation.

Multiple centres of alteration associated with veining, brecciation and anomalous metals have been identified.

Locally intensive surface and geophysical sampling of the Ti-Tree Breccia prospect by previous explorers allows rapid progression of future exploration to drill testing